This is because on VirtualBox, virtual machines get the "enp" naming convention for their network adapters, where on VMWare they use the "ens" naming. Since the image was created for VirtualBox, all references to the network adapter use the "enp" naming, which means that network-wise it just doesn't work. To have it fully working, you need to edit the /etc/network/interfaces file and change the lines:
iface enp0s3 inet dhcp
iface ens33 inet dhcp
(or, instead of ens33, use whatever name your network adapter is using under VMWare, which now seems to be eth0 on your setup, right?)
You need to do the same thing with the /update_ issue.sh script. This script is executed during boot, gets the IP address of your adapter, and updates the issue message at the login prompt. Just change the name of the adapter on the 5th line (enp0s3) to be the name of your adapter. Reboot and now you should be getting the IP address at the login prompt.